About the Feast of Weeks
The Feast of Weeks is held the fiftieth day after offering a first sheaf of the barley harvest. This can be found in Leviticus 23:15-16 which says,
And ye shall count unto you from the morrow after the Sabbath, from the day that ye brought the sheaf of the wave offering; seven Sabbaths shall be complete: even unto the morrow after the seventh Sabbath shall ye number fifty days; and ye shall offer a new meal offering unto Yahweh,
and Deuteronomy 16:9 which states,
Count seven weeks for yourself. Begin to count seven weeks from the time you begin to put the sickle to the grain.
Throughout the Scriptures, the Feast of Weeks is known by several different names. In Exodus 23:16, it is called the Feast of Harvest.
...and the Festival of the Harvest, the first-fruits of your labors which you have sown in the field; and the Festival of the Ingathering at the outgoing of the year, when you have gathered in the fruit of your labors from the field.
In Exodus 34:22 and Deuteronomy 16:10, it is called the Feast of Weeks.
And perform the Festival of Weeks for yourself, of the first-fruits of wheat harvest, and the Festival of Ingathering at the turn of the year (Exodus 34:22).
In Numbers 28:26, it is called the day of the first-fruits.
And on the day of the first-fruits, when you bring a new grain offering to Yahweh at your Festival of Weeks, you have a set-apart gathering, you do no servile work.
Finally, in Acts, it is poorly translated as "Pentecost."
Acts 2:1, And when the day of Pentecost was fully come, they were all with one accord in one place.
The word "pentecost" is from the Greek word "pentekoste" which is Strong's number 4005, merely meaning "fiftieth." The Hebrew word "weeks" is "shabua," Strong's number 7620, which means literally "sevened."
The Feast of Weeks is to be observed perpetually. This is found in
Leviticus 23:21, And on this same day you shall proclaim a set-apart gathering for yourselves, you do no servile work on it - a law forever in all your dwellings throughout your generations [emphasis ours].
The Scriptures say, in Exodus 23:16-17 and Deuteronomy 16:16, that all males are to attend the festival.
...and the Festival of the Harvest, the first-fruits of your labors which you have sown in the field; and the Festival of the Ingathering at the outgoing of the year, when you have gathered in the fruit of your labors from the field. Three times in the year all your males are to appear before the Sovereign Yahweh (Exodus 23:16-17).
Leviticus 23:21 and Numbers 28:26 tell us that the Feast of Weeks is to be a holy (set-apart) convocation, or gathering together of the people.
And on the day of the first-fruits, when you bring a new grain offering to Yahweh at your Festival of Weeks, you have a set-apart gathering, you do no servile work (Numbers 28:26).
We are also told that the feast is to be a time of rejoicing, and that the first-fruits of bread are presented at this time.
And thou shalt keep the Feast of Weeks unto Yahweh thy Elohim with a tribute of a freewill offering of thine hand, which thou shalt give unto Yahweh thy Elohim, according as Yahweh thy Elohim hath blessed thee: and thou shalt rejoice before Yahweh thy Elohim, thou, and thy son, and thy daughter, and thy manservant, and thy maidservant, and the Levite that is within thy gates, and the stranger, and the fatherless, and the widow, that are among you, in the place which Yahweh thy Elohim hath chosen to place His name there. And thou shalt remember that thou wast a bondman in Egypt: and thou shalt observe and do these statutes (Deuteronomy 16:10-12).
Ye shall bring out of your habitations two wave loaves of two tenth deals: they shall be of fine flour; they shall be baken with leaven; they are the firstfruits unto Yahweh (Leviticus 23:17).
The Feast of Weeks commemorates, among other things, Yahweh's giving of His instructions (Torah) to His people on Mount Sinai at the Feast of Weeks (see Exodus 12:6, 12, 19:1, 11). This provided, both then and now, Yahweh's people with structure and instruction in His ways. They had been in bondage for over 400 years, and many of the teachings that went with them into Egypt were lost. The law became the schoolmaster, leading the way to Messiah.
The Holy Spirit was given to the Apostles at the celebration of the Feast of Weeks.
And when the day of Pentecost was fully come, they were all with one accord in one place. And suddenly there came a sound from heaven as of a rushing mighty wind, and it filled all the house where they were sitting. And there appeared unto them cloven tongues like as of fire, and it sat upon each of them. And they were all filled with the Holy Spirit, and began to speak with other tongues, as the Spirit gave them utterance (Acts 2:1-4).
Some teach this started a "new" assembly; however, it was merely a continuation of the assembly called by Yahweh many years before.
In Acts 20:6 and 1 Corinthians 16:8, we can see that Yahshua and His disciples, including the Apostle Paul, continued to observe the Feast of Weeks as we do here at Yahweh's Assembly in Messiah, in obedience to the commands of Yahweh that were given in the Torah, and confirmed by Yahshua during His walk upon this earth.